Engineer Doctor Abdul Qadeer Khan is regarded as the Father of Pakistan’s Nuclear Bomb. He is a nuclear and metallurgical engineer by profession. Khan’s Family emigrated from India to Pakistan in 1952. Engr. Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan is an alumnus of the University of Karachi, Delft University of Technology, Catholic University of Louvain, and Technical University, West Berlin. He is the Founder of Khan Research Laboratories (KRL). Chain of Dr. A. Q. Khan Schools is Established under the program of Dr. Abdul Qadeer Educational Scheme. He is Parton in Chief of Dr. A. Q. Khan School Systems. Dr. A. Q. Khan Hospital Trust is Established in Lahore. He is Chairman of Dr. A. Q. Khan Hospital Trust, where free-of-cost medical services are provided to patients.
Early Life and Education of Doctor Abdul Qadeer Khan
Khan was born in Bhopal, India, and His father was a teacher while his mother was a housewife. Thus, he received early education from Bhopal. In 1952, A. Q. Khan emigrated to Karachi, Pakistan, and studied in Local Schools of Karachi. Later, he got admission to the University of Karachi, where he graduated in Physics (Specialization: Solid State Physics).
After Graduation, Khan started Job in Karachi Metropolitan Corporation as an Inspector of Weights and measures. Luckily, he was offered the Scholarship for Germany. So he left the Job and migrated to West Germany for Higher Studies. From Different Universities, he studied Material Science & Technology, and metallurgy engineering. From Leuven University, he did his Doctoral Degree or DEng or Ph.D. in Metallurgical Engineering.
Career of Engr. Dr. Abdul Qadeer
After Completed of Ph. D, Abdul Qadeer joined Physics Dynamics Research Laboratory, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Urenco Group offered him Senior Technical Position, and then he left his previous Job. After the emergence of news of Smiling Budha (India’s Nuclear program), he offered his services to Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. PM Bhutto accepted his offer after accomplishing the formalities.
In April 1976, Khan Joined the team of Pakistani Nuclear Scientists working for Atomic Bomb. After that, Khan started working on Centrifuge, But his colleagues did not support him. He was not satisfied with the behavior of his colleagues. So he reported directly to Mr.Bhutto. Mr. Butto considered his reports and transferred him to Army Supervised Engineering Research Laboratories as a Chief Scientist. Scientists and affiliates from Pak Army recognized his scientific services and admired his scientific knowledge by giving the name of “Centrifuge Khan”.
On 28th May 1998, Pakistan conducted successful Nuclear Tests in Chagai, Baluchistan. Successful Nuclear Test dragged Pakistan into the List of Atomic Countries. As Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan was Chief Scientist, he received nationwide praise and appreciation. Currently, he is writing columns in Jang Newspaper.
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan’s Controversies
Engr. Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan was accused of selling sensitive nuclear information to other countries. President of America, George W. Bush, met Pervaiz Musharaf and shown him evidence against him. Gen. Pervaiz Musharaf ordered to arrest Dr. Khan. Later, Dr. A. Q. Khan admitted the charges made against him on National TV. Musharaf Govt. imposed House-Prison on him, which persisted very long. He denied all allegations after the dismissal of Musharaf’s Government and filed a case against the Pakistani Government, which turned into his success. Despite all the controversies, Dr. A. Q. Khan is regarded as National Hero.
Accolades of Doctor A. Q. Khan
- Only Pakistani to receive Nishan I Imtiaz twice.
- Hilal e Imtiaz from GOvernemtn of Pakistan
- Many Roads and Places are named after Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan.
- He is the recipient of 60+ Gold medals from different Universities.
- He is lifetime member/fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences
- Dr. Abdul Qadeer is a founding member of Ghulam Ishq Khan Institute near Swabi and served as an Associate Professor in the Physics Department of the Varsity.
- He is a well-renowned Physics Supervisor in different Pakistani Universities.
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan Books
- Advances in Physical Metallurgy
- Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics
- Dr. A.Q. Khan on science and education